The presence of troops from NATO countries stationed in Germany on the basis of a special agreement, the NATO Status of Armed Forces Agreement (SOFA) of 19 June 1951 (Agreement between the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty on the Status of their Armed Forces, BGBl. 1961 II p.1190) and the SOFA Additional Agreement of 3 August 1959 (Agreement supplementing the Agreement between the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty on the position of their armed forces with regard to foreign armed forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany, BGBl. 1961 II p.1218). The supplementary agreement contains detailed provisions on all matters relating to troops stationed in Germany. After German unification, it was profoundly revised by the Agreement of 18 March 1993 (BGBl. 1994 II p.2594). For each operation abroad, the status of the Bundeswehr is governed by a bilateral or multilateral agreement with the host country. The temporary deployment in Germany of the armed forces of the PfP States and other third countries is subject to the conclusion of an agreement under the Visiting Forces Act of 20 July 1995 (BGBl. 1995 II p.554, BGBl. 2002 II p.2482).
Under Article 1 of that law, the Federal Government may conclude such agreements with foreign States on the entry and short-term presence of its armed forces in Germany for the purposes of exercises, land transits and training by decree-law. So far, the Federal Government has concluded such agreements with Poland (Agreement of 23 August 2000) and the Czech Republic (Agreement of 31 July 2003). Accordingly, the signed plenipotentiaries have signed this Agreement. Done at London, this 19th day of June 1951, in English and French, both texts being equally relevant, in a single original which shall be deposited in the archives of the Government of the United States of America. The Government of the United States of America shall transmit a certified copy to all signatory and acceding States. The most important multilateral agreement is the NATO Status of Forces Agreement, which applies between NATO partners to operations on the territory of other NATO countries. States participating in NATO`s Partnership for Peace (PfP) may accede to the PPF Troop Maintenance Agreement of 19 June 1995 (BGBl. 1998 II p.1340). This agreement extends the scope of the NATO Status of Forces Agreement to operations in PfP partner countries. . . .