In October 1954, the two countries signed a trade agreement that experts say strongly favored China.  LAC-stand-| Border actions violate bilateral agreements, says Rajnath Singh China China said today that its first internal security cooperation agreement with India will provide an institutional guarantee to combat cross-border crimes, but has remained defiant in the face of any change in attitude aimed at blocking India`s efforts to have the leader of Jaish-e Mohammed (JeM), Masood Azhar, based in Pakistan, as a global terrorist by the United Nations List of Nations. Singh said that in the past, there have been situations of persistent stalemate in border areas with China that have been resolved peacefully. He said this year`s situation “is very different, both in terms of the scale of the troops involved and the number of friction points… This underscores the magnitude of the current situation along the controversial border in eastern Ladakh. There is no generalized LAC and Singh said India and China have different perceptions of lac. This has caused periodic tensions and the number of transgressions and clashes has increased with the improvement of India`s border infrastructure and the increase in Indian army patrols to areas of ambition over the years. A number of border agreements have been signed and confidence-building measures (CMMs) have been implemented to maintain peace and calm, while both sides have attempted to demarcate the border through special representatives. The English text of the minutes, adopted on 11 Bilateral/multilateral documents of the Media Centre of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India (MEA) can be found on the Bilateral/Multilateral Documents page. You can also find a copy and summary of the protocol in the UN Peacemakers Database and the pa-X Peace Agreement Database. The protocol aims to implement previous agreements and “agree on modalities for the implementation of confidence-building measures, including through procedures for the exchange of information on troop movements and the organization of biannual meetings on border issues. They also agreed to resolve through diplomatic channels any breach or clarification to be made. NEW DELHI – India and the United States have signed a pioneering agreement on military information exchange and pledged to strengthen security and strategic relations, with senior U.S.
officials stressing the need for enhanced cooperation to combat China`s persuasive force in the Indo-Pacific region. One of the key elements of the 1993 and 1996 agreements is that both sides would keep their armed forces at a minimum level in areas along the LAC, Singh said. However, the agreements do not define the minimum limit. The 1996 agreement restricts the use of important categories of weaponry in the vicinity of the LAC, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, guns of 75 mm or more calibre, mortars of 120 mm or more and different missiles. It also limits fighter jets to circumning the LAC within 10 km. It states that no party “opens fire, causes biological degradation, uses hazardous chemicals, detonates or hunts lac with rifles or explosives within a two-kilometre radius.” In 1995, discussions by the Indo-Chinese expert group resulted in an agreement to establish two additional points of contact along the 4,000 km border to facilitate military-to-military meetings. According to reports, both sides were “seriously occupied” with defining the McMahon Line and the Line of Effective Control over military exercises and the prevention of airstrikes. Talks were held in Beijing in July and New Delhi in August to improve border security, combat cross-border crimes and step up troop withdrawals from the border. .