After a decade of extreme instability, the North American scene stabilized in 1867. The victory of the Union, the French withdrawal from Mexico, the British withdrawal from Canada and the Russian sale of Alaska left the United States dominant, but with the independence of Canada and Mexico intact.  France was the United States` eighth largest trading partner in 2013, with $32 billion in U.S. exports to France and $45 billion in imports from France. The United States is the largest French buyer of goods outside the European Union. The aerospace sector accounts for nearly 25% of bilateral merchandise trade, which has weakened the interconnected global supply chains of major aircraft manufacturers on both sides of the Atlantic. France and the United States are also important trading partners in the services sector: services exports to the United States to France reached $15.1 billion in the first nine months of 2013 and services imports from France reached $11.7 billion during the same period. The United States and France are negotiating their membership of the European Union through a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP). The United States is working to deepen economic relations with Europe through an ambitious and comprehensive agreement.
France is one of the United States` main trading partners. The strength of our economic relations is based on significant bilateral trade and significant investments in the other country`s markets, both of which create high-quality, well-paying jobs. Our dynamic economic partnership also stimulates cooperation in other cooperatives such as the G8 and G20. As long as Britain and France remained at peace in Europe and the precarious balance survived within the United States, the British and French colonies had no serious difficulties. But from the Glorious Revolution of England (1688), the dynastic, religious and fractional rivalries between British and Catholic Protestant French in Europe and America triggered four “French and Indian wars” that took place largely on American soil (King William`s War, 1689-97). Queen Anne`s War, 1702-13; King George`s War, 1744-48; and finally the Seven Years` War, 1756-63). Britain finally withdrew the French from mainland North America in 1763, after France`s defeat in the Seven Years` War. Within a decade, the British colonies were the subject of an open insurrection and France, coordinated by Luis de Unzaga y Amézaga “the Conciliator”, returned the favour by secretly supplying troops and war materials to the independence movement.
Thanks to the “family pacts” of the Bourbon monarchs who ruled France, Spain, Italy and various American territories, including the province of French Louisiana, then administered by King Charles III, the first was managed.